Thursday, August 19, 2010

"ssh-agent" - saves time while remote login

ssh-agent is a program that used together with Secured Shell programs (eg:OpenSSH) provides a secure way of storing the passphrase of the private key.

In order to login securely to a remote system via a secure shell, a private key/public key pair is generated. The private key is stored on the local machine. The public key is stored on the target machine in the $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys file. Public keys are not sensitive information and may be known to anybody, whereas the private key needs to be protected very carefully by a strong passphrase. Using multiple servers is easier by using ssh agent. ssh-agent remembers the passphrase so that the user does not need to type it every time he or she wants to connect or send data to the server.

Create the identiy-key pair:
cd ~/.ssh

Copy the public key to the remote server:
scp ~/.ssh/
mkdir ~/.ssh
chmod 700 .ssh
cat pubkey.txt >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
rm ~/pubkey.txt
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/*

Test the remote public key:


Start the ssh-agent:
eval 'ssh-agent'

Add your private key to the agent's cache:

Test the connection again:

No comments:

Post a Comment